Monday, October 10, 2011

Things To Do.... After installing Ubuntu 9.04 aka Jaunty


This post is a follow up of this. In Ubuntu Jaunty Jackalope , as you would expect from any upgrade, the packages are a bit different, so i decided to write the Jaunty’s To Do List on its own. So here you go :

1 – Expand the Software Repository List
First of all, lets make Ubuntu “see” more packages. Go to the terminal and edit your sources.list with :

sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
Here is the content of my sources.list which I think is quite complete to have all the necessary applications you could ever need. So delete the whole content of your sources list and replace it with the content of mine
Save it. Go to the Terminal and type:

sudo apt-get upgrade

Now all your programs will run on the last version.

2 – Anti-Virus
Windows equivalent : AVG AntiVirus, NAV, TrendMicro, F-Prot, Kaspersky, …
Ubuntu equivalent : Avast
Avast

wget http://files.avast.com/files/linux/avast4workstation_1.3.0-2_i386.deb && sudo dpkg -i avast4workstation_1.3.0-2_i386.deb

Access it through Accessories → avast! Antivirus .

3 – Essential tools for compiling from sources

sudo apt-get install build-essential checkinstall cdbs devscripts dh-make fakeroot libxml-parser-perl check avahi-daemon

4 – Java runtime environment
Java is a very important thing to install, now that many programs like Azureus need it to run. So type:

sudo apt-get install sun-java6-fonts sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin equivs ttf-sazanami-gothic ttf-sazanami-mincho

5 – More Fonts
Here you will find a bunch of fonts you can install on your system, but remember that you don’t need to install all of them

sudo mkdir -p /usr/lib/X11/fonts/Type1 && sudo apt-get install msttcorefonts && sudo apt-get install ttf-larabie-straight ttf-larabie-deco mplayer-fonts xfonts-terminus-dos xfonts-terminus xfonts-terminus-oblique xfonts-mona tv-fonts ttf-tuffy ttf-sjfonts ttf-sil-padauk ttf-sil-ezra ttf-paktype ttf-georgewilliams ttf-fifthhorseman-dkg-handwriting ttf-farsiweb ttf-essays1743 ttf-opensymbol ttf-nafees ttf-mgopen ttf-gentium ttf-freefont ttf-dustin ttf-devanagari-fonts ttf-dejavu-extra ttf-dejavu-core ttf-dejavu ttf-bpg-georgian-fonts ttf-bitstream-vera ttf-alee



6 – Ubuntu Control Panel
Ubuntu Tweak
Ubuntu Tweak allows you to tweak your system settings, all in one place. You can install new applications, customize your desktop settings, configure your startup applications, changing the system filetype association and many more tweaks in this single application.

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-tweak
Then access it through Applications → System Tools → Ubuntu Tweak

7 – Nice Right Click Sub-Menus
For some useful right click menus in nautilus

sudo apt-get install nautilus-actions nautilus-gksu nautilus-image-converter nautilus-open-terminal nautilus-script-audio-convert nautilus-script-collection-svn nautilus-script-manager nautilus-sendto nautilus-share nautilus-wallpaper

App Runner

App Runner is a small open source utility that makes it very easy to run any type of program/executable/script on any distro/OS that uses the nautilus file manager: Debian/Ubuntu/Super OS/Fedora/etc

wget http://hacktolive.org/files/app_runner/App_Runner_0.2.deb && sudo dpkg -i App_Runner_0.2.deb
Then right-click the file -> Scripts -> Run This App or Run This App (root)

8 – Multimedia
Windows equivalent : windows media player, real player, vlc, mplayer
Ubuntu equivalent : vlc, mplayer, helix player
To have Ubuntu playing all kinds of stuff, you need to install many codecs. So on the Terminal, type:
* Installing vlc and mplayer (plays almost everything):

sudo apt-get install vlc mplayer
* Common packs

sudo apt-get install non-free-codecs libxine1-ffmpeg gxine mencoder mpeg2dec vorbis-tools id3v2 mpg321 mpg123 libflac++6 ffmpeg toolame libmp4v2-0 totem-mozilla icedax tagtool easytag id3tool lame nautilus-script-audio-convert mozilla-helix-player helix-player libmad0 libjpeg-progs libmpcdec3 libquicktime1 flac faac faad sox toolame ffmpeg2theora libmpeg2-4 uudeview flac libmpeg3-1 mpeg3-utils mpegdemux liba52-dev
* Gstreammer 0.10

sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3 gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mpegdemux gstreamer0.10-gnonlin gstreamer0.10-pitfdll gstreamer0.10-sdl gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-multiverse gstreamer0.10-schroedinger gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly-multiverse totem-gstreamer
* More programs

sudo apt-get install gstreamer-dbus-media-service gstreamer-tools ubuntu-restricted-extras
* Enable dvd support

sudo aptitude install libdvdcss2 && sudo /usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/./install-css.sh
* Flash

sudo apt-get install gsfonts gsfonts-x11 flashplugin-nonfree



9. Tweak your eyecandy
Ubuntu 9.04 comes with compiz fusion effects OOTB but doesn’t offer a way to customize them.
In a terminal copy/paste this:

sudo apt-get install simple-ccsm
Now navigate to System → Preferences → Simple CompizConfig Settings Manager .

10 – Missing Windows software?? Run Windows softwares in Linux!!!
Wine
Wine is a compatibility layer for running Windows programs in Linux.

sudo apt-get install wine
Then just double click .exe file.
Note: Not all windows software can run.A list is available in the website.

11 – Play Windows Games in Linux
Install PlayonLinux.Games like world of warcraft ,counterstrike and many other can be played.Playonlinux is based on wine.
Click here for list of games available

sudo apt-get install playonlinux



12 – Clipboard Management
By Default in ubuntu when u copy something from an application and closes the application u will not be able to access it from the clipboard. And also when u copy severals text in serial u only have the last on available to you in the clipboard. To solve that install either of the following but Glipper is better because it supports plugins.
Glipper

sudo apt-get install glipper
Then right click ur panel → Add to Panel then drag Clipboard Manager to ur panel
Parcellite

sudo apt-get install parcellite



13 – Archiver/ Packing software
Windows equivalent : winrar, zip, 7zip
Ubuntu equivalent : tar, unrar, p7zip, arj, unace
It’s bad when you don’t have Internet on your computer/notebook, but you have to pack/unpack something but the file format isn’t recognized by the system. To codevent from this bad situation, you can install a bunch of packing software by typing this on the terminal:

sudo apt-get install unace rar unrar zip unzip p7zip-full p7zip-rar sharutils aish uudeview mpack lha arj cabextract file-roller



14 – Graphical web browser
Windows equivalent : Internet explorer, firefox, opera
Ubuntu equivalent : Firefox, opera
Opera

sudo apt-get install opera

Firefox (installed by default intrepid)

sudo apt-get install firefox



15 – Download Manager
Windows equivalent : Free download manager
Ubuntu equivalent : Multiget
MultiGet is a http/ftp downloader with a nice GUI for linux desktop users. It can run on almost all desktops without any configuration. It has many powerful functions comparing to others.

sudo apt-get install multiget
Access it through Applications → Internet → MultiGet .

16 – Graphical Email client
Windows equivalent : Outlook
Ubuntu equivalent : Evolution, Thunderbird
Evolution (installed by default in intrepid)

sudo apt-get install evolution
Access it through Applications → Internet → Evolution Mail .
Thunderbird

sudo apt-get install thunderbird
Access it through Applications → Internet → Mozilla Thunderbird Mail/News .

17 – Instant Messanging protocal clients
Windows equivalent : MSN messenger, Yahoo messenger, QQ, AIM, Gtalk, ICQ,IRC
Ubuntu equivalent : Pidgin, emesene
Pidgin (installed by default in intrepid)
Pidgin is an easy to use and free chat client used by millions. Connect to AIM, MSN, Yahoo, and more chat networks all at once. Supported chat networks: AIM, Bonjour, Gadu-Gadu, Google Talk, Groupwise, ICQ, IRC, MSN, MySpaceIM, QQ, SILC, SIMPLE, Sametime, XMPP, Yahoo!, Zephyr

sudo apt-get install pidgin pidgin-data pidgin-lastfm pidgin-guifications msn-pecan pidgin-musictracker pidgin-plugin-pack pidgin-themes
Access it through Applications → Internet → Pidgin Internet Messenger .
Emesene only for MSN Messenger.

sudo apt-get install emesene
Access it through Applications → Internet → Emesene .

18 – VOIP
Windows equivalent : skype
Ubuntu equivalent : skype, ekiga
Skype

sudo apt-get install skype
Access it through Applications → Internet → Skype.
Ekiga (installed by default in intrepid)

sudo apt-get install ekiga
Access it through Applications → Internet → Ekiga SoftPhone.

19 – Viewing PDF files
Windows equivalent : Adobe Reader
Ubuntu equivalent : Adobe Reader
Adobe Reader

sudo apt-get install acroread acroread-fonts
Access it through Applications → Office → Adobe Reader.

20– Adobe Air
wget http://airdownload.adobe.com/air/lin/download/latest/AdobeAIRInstaller.bin

chmod +x . /AdobeAIRInstaller.bin
./AdobeAIRInstaller.bin

Access it through Applications → Accessories → Adobe Air Application Installer.

21 – Music / MP3 / OGG Players
Windows equivalent : iTunes, Winamp
Ubuntu equivalent : Rhythmbox, Amarok
Rhythmbox

sudo apt-get install rhythmbox
Access it through Applications → Sound & Video → Rhythmbox Music Player.
Amarok

sudo apt-get install amarok amarok-common
Access it through Applications → Sound & Video → Amarok.

22 – Hard Disk Partitions Manager
Windows equivalent : Symanted Partition Magic
Ubuntu equivalent : GParted, Disk-Manager
GParted

sudo apt-get install gparted ntfsprogs
Access it through System → Administration → Partition Editor.

23 – Vector Graphics Editor
Windows equivalent : Adobe Illustrator
Ubuntu equivalent : Inkscape
Inkscape

sudo apt-get install inkscape
Access it through Applications → Graphics → Inkscape Vector Graphics Editor.

24 – Image Editor
Windows equivalent : Adobe Photoshop
Ubuntu equivalent : GIMP
GIMP

sudo apt-get install gimp gimp-data gimp-plugin-registry
Access it through Applications → Graphics → GIMP Image Editor.

25 – 3D Graphics Applications
Windows equivalent : 3D Studio MAX
Ubuntu equivalent : Blender
Blender

sudo apt-get install blender
Access it through Applications → Graphics → Blender (windowed).

26 – Simple Yet Advanced Text Editor
Windows equivalent : Notepad ++
Ubuntu equivalent : GEdit
GEdit

sudo apt-get install gedit gedit-plugins
Access it through Applications → Accessories → Text Editor.

27 – Office Applications
Windows equivalent : Microsoft Office
Ubuntu equivalent : OpenOffice
OpenOffice

sudo apt-get install openoffice.org
Access it through Applications → Office

28 – Microsoft Visio
Windows equivalent : Microsoft Visio
Ubuntu equivalent : Dia
Dia

sudo apt-get install dia
Access it through Applications → Graphics → Dia Diagram Editor

29 – Microsoft Project
Windows equivalent : Microsoft Project
Ubuntu equivalent : OpenProj
OpenProj

wget http://nchc.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/openproj/openproj_1.4-2.deb && sudo dpkg -i openproj_1.4-2.deb
Access it through Applications → Office → OpenProj

30 – Development IDE
Windows equivalent : Dreamweaver
Ubuntu equivalent : Quanta, Kompozer, NetBeans
Quanta

sudo apt-get install quanta
Access it through Applications → Programming → Quanta Plus
Komposer

sudo apt-get install kompozer nvu
Access it through Applications → Internet → Kompozer
NetBeans

sudo apt-get install netbeans
Access it through Applications → Programming → NetBeans IDE

31 – Graphical FTP clients
Windows equivalent : CuteFTP, SmartFTP
Ubuntu equivalent : FileZilla
FileZilla
This is great FTP program, very complete, in my opinion, the best one for linux.
On the terminal type:

sudo apt-get install filezilla filezilla-common
Access it through Applications → Internet → FileZilla FTP Client.

32 – P2P Clients / Servers, File Sharing
Windows equivalent : utorrent, azureus, emule
Ubuntu equivalent : Deluge, azureus, amule
Bittorent clients
Deluge (written in python)

sudo apt-get install deluge-torrent
Access it through Applications → Internet → Deluge Torrent.
Azureus: Uses Java to run, very complete but a bit heavy

sudo apt-get install azureus
Access it through Applications → Internet → Azureus.
Emule Donkey Clients
Amule

sudo apt-get install amule
Access it through Applications → Internet → aMule.

33 – Programs for CD burning with GUI
Windows equivalent : Nero, Roxio Easy CD Creator
Ubuntu equivalent : K3b, Brasero
K3b
Nero is available for linux,but its not free.A trial is available for 1 month usage and later it asks or activation code.But K3B is as good as Nero.Have a good feature set as Nero.

sudo apt-get install k3b k3b-data k3b-i18n libk3b3
Access it through Applications → Sound & Video → K3B.
Brasero (installed by default in Intrepid)

sudo apt-get install brasero
Access it through Applications → Sound & Video → Brasero Disc Burning .

34 – Mountings ISO files
Windows equivalent : Alcohol
Ubuntu equivalent : acetoneiso
Acetoneiso
The best one for linux ACETONEISO,which is similar to ALCOHOL in windows
its supports almost all formats. AcetoneISO is CD/DVD image manipulator for Linux.Using this tool it is very easy to Mount and Unmount ISO,MDF,NRG Images . I dont think its available in ubuntu repository.
sudo apt-get install libksba8 libenca0 libtwolame0 fuseiso kommander p7zip-full gnupg-agent gnupg2 pinentry-qt mencoder cdrdao libqt4-webkit libphonon4 phonon phonon-backend-gstreamer

wget http://darkstar.ist.utl.pt/getdeb/ubuntu/jaunty/ac/acetoneiso_2.0.3.1-1~getdeb1_i386.deb && sudo dpkg -i acetoneiso_2.0.3.1-1~getdeb1_i386.deb
Access it via Sound & Videos -> AcetoneISO


35 – Install Vista like gadgets.
Windows equivalent : Vista Sidebar
Ubuntu equivalent : google-gadgets
Google gadgets

wget http://neacm.fe.up.pt/pub/getdeb/ubuntu/intrepid/go/google-gadgets_0.10.5-1~getdeb2_i386.deb && sudo dpkg -i google-gadgets_0.10.5-1~getdeb2_i386.deb
This will complete the installation.
Now press Alt+F2, and type “ggl-gtk” to start them. You should see a small icon show up in your system tray, and a sidebar. Right click on any of them and select ‘Add Gadgets’ to show a menu. If you’d like to have Google Gadgets start automatically, go to System – Preferences – Session, click ‘Add’, paste ‘Google Gadgets’ for the name and ‘ggl-gtk’ for the command. Click OK and Close, and you’re good to go.

36 – Google Desktop
Google Desktop allows one to full text search of a user’s e-mail, computer files, music, photos, chat, and Web pages viewed,OpenOffice documents , PDF files and more .
Now similar tools already existed on Linux like beagle (supported by novell ) , meta tracker etc . However Google Desktop search is not based on any of these tools and uses its proprietary algorithms to search for files on the computer ,also being 1.0 release and more stable then these products it could be preferred over tools like beagle .
To install Google Desktop Search type the following command in the terminal window : -

sudo apt-get install google-desktop-linux
Access it through Applications → Google Desktop → Google Desktop
Now after choosing appropriate option through Applications → Google Desktop → Google Desktop Preferences, you would find Google Desktop icon in the bar at the top of the screen , now it would automatically scan and index files on computer and store it in local database which could be searched using web browser .

37 – Photo Management
Google Picasa
Google Picasa is an extremely professional good looking photo management application available on Windows ,Linux and Mac OS (??) . Now Google Picasa has a number of features that many photo management software on Linux dont have further Google Picasa looks very user friendly as compared to similar open source application available on linux . Now Google Picasa for Linux is not a native linux application but runs on Linux thru application layer called wine which allows many windows application to run flawlessly on Linux.
Now to install Google – Picasa type the following command in the terminal window

sudo apt-get install picasa
Access it through Applications → Graphics → Picasa → Picasa

38 – Map Viewing and Management
Google Earth
To install Google Earth type the following command in the Terminal Window.

sudo aptitude install googleearth
After downloading is over you will get a screen like this press ¨Yes¨ to accept the license agreement and complete software installation.
Now you can launch Google Earth from Application → Internet → Google Earth

39 – Gmail Notification

Checkgmail
If you would like to get notified when you have a new mail in your google mail account, checkgmail is for you. To install Checkgmail type the following command in the Terminal Window.

sudo apt-get install checkgmail
Now you can launch it from Application → Internet → CheckGmail

40 – Configure Firewall
If you are concern about your security, then it is pertinent that you activate the firewall and prevent any unauthorized access to your computer.
UFW is installed by default, but if you need a graphical interface, install GUFW.

sudo apt-get install gufw


41 – Gnome Do
Gnome Do is a small application that allows you to search and do things faster and more efficiently in your Ubuntu machine. It is similar to QuickSilver in Mac and Launchy in Windows. For those who have not tried Gnome Do before, it might take some time for you to get used to it. But once you’re hooked to it, there will be no turning back for you.Gnome Do also comes with a dock interface that you can use it like any other docks.
sudo apt-get install gnome-do
Now you can launch it from Application → Accessories → Gnome Do

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